The Median Empire
650 - 550 B.C.
The Medes originally settled in northwestern Iran and were themselves a vassal state of the Assyrian Empire until the mid 7th century B.C.. By by the 6th century BC, the Medes were able to establish an empire that stretched from the middle of present day Turkey to Afghanistan...
Architecture in "Greater Iran" has a continuous history from at least 5000BCE to the present. Iranian architecture displays great variety: "Some of the most majestic structures the world has ever seen" It's a genius for its decoration with a freedom and success not rivaled in any other architecture.
Iran - Seven Faces of a Civilization:
The documentary film Iran, Seven Faces of a Civilization, written and produced by Dr. Farzin Rezaeian.
The producer's previous presentation of Persepolis Recreated brought to light Iran's magnificent past and captivated audiences in the United States and European countries.
Persian Currency and Money:
The rial (ریال in Persian; code IRR) is the currency of Iran. It is subdivided into ~100 dinar but, because of the very low current value of the rial, no fraction of the rial is used in accounting.
The toman (ten rial) is now frequently used to express Iranian / Persian currency.
Prices are mostly marked in tomans such as 1,000 toman, 10,000 toman and 1 Million Toman ...
Persian Currency History:
- In 1798 the rial was first introduced as a coin worth 1250 dinar or one eighth of a toman.
- In 1825, the rial ceased to be issued, with the qiran of 1000 dinars (one tenth of a toman) being issued as part of a decimal system.
- In 1932 the rial replaced the qiran.
|Old Persian currency||In dinar||First issue|
|shahi||50 dinar||Samanid dynasty|
|mahmoudi (sannar)||100 dinar||Sultan Mahmoud|
|abbasi||200 dinar||Shah Abbas I|
|naderi (da-shahi)||500 dinar||Nader Shah|
|qiran||1000 dinar||Fath Ali Shah (1825)|
|rial||1250 dinar||Fath Ali Shah (1798)|
|dozari||2000 dinar||Qajar dynasty|
|panjzari||5000 dinar||Qajar dynasty|
Highlights of this day in history: A Cold War crisis over Cuba leads to brink of nuclear war; Shah of Iran allowed into U.S. for treatment; 'Pretty Boy' Floyd killed; Last victim slain in D.C. sniper shootings; Cellist Pablo Casals dies. (Oct. 22)
Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic republic in 1979 after the ruling monarchy was overthrown and the shah was forced into exile.
" Conservative clerical forces established a theocratic system of government with ultimate political authority vested in a learned religious scholar referred to commonly as the Supreme Leader who, according to the constitution, is accountable only to the Assembly of Experts.
The Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War is also known as the mother of all battles (Um Al Mā'arik) Ar: ام المعارك in Iraq:
The Persian Gulf War international conflict was triggered by Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait on August 2, 1990.
The Gulf war started when Iraq’s leader, Saddam Hussein, ordered the invasion of Kuwait with the goal of acquiring its large oil reserves, canceling a large debt Iraq owed to Kuwait. It also wanted to expand Iraqi power in the middle east.