Iranian Music is an Iranian art form whose medium is sound organized in time. Common elements of Iranian music are pitch (which governs melody and harmony), Iranian rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation), dynamics, and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture.
Music can be divided into genres and subgenres, although the dividing lines and relationships between music genres are often subtle, sometimes open to individual interpretation, and occasionally controversial. Within "the arts", music may be classified as a performing art, a fine art, and auditory art.
Indian classical music (marga) is monophonic, and based around a single melody line or raga rhythmically organized through talas. Carnatic music is largely devotional; the majority of the songs are addressed to the Hindu deities. There are a lot of songs emphasising love and other social issues. Hindustani music was also influenced by the Persian performance practices of the Afghan Mughals.
Asian music covers the music cultures of Arabia, Central Asia, East Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia.
Persian music is the music of Persia and Persian language countries: "musighi", the science and art of music, and muzik, the sound and performance of music (Sakata 1983).
Iranian Music; the music of Iran or Persian music: has thousands of years of history dating back to the Neolithic age, as seen in the archeological evidence of Elam, one of the earliest world civilizations, which was located in southwestern Iran. A distinction needs to be made between the science of Iranian Music or Iranian Musicology which as a branch of mathematics has always been held in high regards in Persia/Iran; as opposed to Iranian Music performance, (Tarab, Navakhteh, Tasneef, Taraneh or more recently Muzik) which has had an uneasy and often acrimonious relationship with the religious authorities and, in times of religious revival, with society as a whole.